Title: "Epigenetic Hypothesis Tests for Methylation and Acetylation In a Triple Microarray System "
Speaker: Lang Li, Division of Biostatistics, Department of Medicine, Indiana University
Place: Mechanical Engineering (ME) 161, Tuesday, September 27, 2005 4:30pm


To fully elucidate the functional relationship between DNA methylation and histone hypoacetylation in gene silencing, we implemented an integrated "triple" microarray system that allows us to begin to decipher the influence of epigenetic hierarchies on the regulation of gene expression in cancer cells. Our hypothesis is that in the promoter region of a silenced gene, reversal of two epigenetic factors (i.e., DNA demethylation and/or histone hyperacetylation) is highly correlated with gene re-expression after treatment of the human epithelial ovarian cancer cell line CP70 with the drug combination 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (DAC), a demethylating agent, and trichostatin A (TSA), an inhibitor of histone deacetylases. To estimate the posterior probabilities for genes with altered expression, DNA methylation and histone acetylation status measured with a triple-microarray system, we have developed an empirical Bayes model. Two methods have been proposed to test our hypothesis that DNA demethylation and histone hyperacetylation are highly correlated among those up-regulated genes. One method follows a weighted least squares regression, while the other is derived from a chi-square statistic. The data derived by these approaches, which have been further verified through bootstrap analyses, support the proposed epigenetic correlation

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